Preparing Your Path to Justice


Offshore AccidentsInjured Workers’ Rights and Maritime Laws

November 7, 2023by Crystal Henry

The maritime industry stands as a cornerstone of global trade and commerce, serving as the lifeblood of economic activities worldwide. However, the nature of maritime work is fraught with risks and perils, often resulting in injuries to the dedicated men and women who toil on vessels, rigs, and docks.

When these individuals encounter injuries in the line of duty, the repercussions extend beyond personal suffering to potentially disrupt the seamless flow of goods and resources across the seas.

To protect the rights and well-being of these workers and maintain the operational integrity of the maritime sector, a complex network of laws has been established.

This article endeavors to delve into the rights of injured maritime workers and the intricate framework of maritime laws that both protect and govern them.

Maritime Industry and Its Risks

The Vastness of the Maritime Industry

The maritime industry is a vast and diverse sector that encompasses a multitude of activities, including commercial shipping, offshore oil and gas exploration, fishing, and cruise tourism.

This extensive scope ensures that countless individuals worldwide depend on maritime work for their livelihoods. Furthermore, the maritime industry is crucial to global trade and transportation, with an estimated 80% of goods being transported via sea routes.

It serves as a vital link in the supply chain, facilitating the movement of goods and resources between nations and continents.

Understanding the Hazards

Despite the economic significance of the maritime industry, it is fraught with a wide range of risks and hazards. The challenges faced by maritime workers are diverse and can include:

  • Heavy Machinery: The operation and maintenance of complex, heavy machinery pose inherent risks. Mishandling equipment can lead to serious injuries or fatalities.
  • Weather Conditions: Maritime workers are exposed to unpredictable weather conditions, which can range from rough seas to severe storms. These conditions increase the potential for accidents and injuries.
  • Confined Spaces: The nature of maritime work often involves tight and confined spaces, which can be hazardous due to limited mobility and accessibility.
  • Cargo Handling: The loading and unloading of cargo, especially on large container ships, introduces the risk of accidents such as falling cargo and crushed limbs.
  • Occupational Hazards: Workers on oil rigs and in fishing face additional occupational hazards, such as exposure to hazardous chemicals and the potential for oil spills.

Related: 7 Common Causes of Offshore Accidents in Houston and How to Prevent Them

Rights and Protections of Injured Maritime Workers

Jones Act Rights

The Jones Act, also known as the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, is a pivotal federal law that plays a crucial role in safeguarding the rights of injured maritime workers. It is specifically designed to protect seamen working on vessels in navigable waters.

Under the Jones Act, injured seamen have the right to seek compensation for injuries caused by the negligence of their employers or due to the unseaworthy condition of the vessel.

This legal framework ensures that seamen are not left without recourse when they suffer harm in the course of their maritime duties.

Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (LHWCA)

The Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (LHWCA) is another key piece of legislation that provides protections for maritime workers.

This act extends compensation coverage to longshore workers and harbor workers who may not qualify for protection under the Jones Act.

It ensures that these workers receive compensation for injuries sustained while working on navigable waters, whether in ports or harbors. The LHWCA fills an essential gap by offering support to those whose work lies at the intersection of land and sea.

Maintenance and Cure

Maintenance and cure, although rooted in ancient maritime law, continue to be crucial for the well-being of injured maritime workers.

Maintenance refers to a daily stipend that injured seamen receive to cover their basic living expenses while they are recovering from injuries. Cure, on the other hand, requires the employer to provide medical treatment and care for the injured seaman.

Maintenance and cure are provided regardless of who is at fault for the injury and are considered an essential aspect of maritime law.

Unseaworthiness Claims

The concept of unseaworthiness claims places a significant duty on shipowners. According to maritime law, the shipowner is responsible for maintaining a seaworthy vessel, meaning a vessel that is reasonably fit for its intended purpose.

In the event of an injury resulting from the unseaworthy condition of the vessel or its equipment, the injured party may have grounds for a claim.

This provision reinforces the responsibility of shipowners to ensure the safety of their vessels, preventing accidents and injuries due to vessel-related deficiencies.

Types of Compensation Under Various Maritime Laws

Type of Compensation Jones Act LHWCA Maintenance and Cure
Coverage Protects seamen working on vessels in navigable waters. Covers longshore and harbor workers for work injuries. Ensures basic financial support and medical treatment.
Eligibility Available to seamen injured due to employer negligence. Available to workers not covered under the Jones Act. Available to all injured seamen, regardless of fault.
Injury Criteria Injuries resulting from employer negligence or vessel unseaworthiness. Work-related injuries on navigable waters. Injuries sustained during maritime duties.
Compensation Type May include damages for pain, suffering, lost wages, medical expenses. Medical expenses, compensation for lost wages. Basic living expenses and medical treatment coverage.
Limitations Cannot claim against fellow seamen. Generally not applicable for crew members or masters. Available irrespective of who is at fault or negligence.
Legal Action Allows for lawsuits against employer or vessel owner. LHWCA limits the right to sue the employer. Not a lawsuit; can be pursued without litigation in most cases.

Related: What to Do If You’re Injured Offshore: Steps for Houston Workers

Filing Claims and Legal Processes

Reporting Injuries

Promptly reporting injuries is a critical step in the process of seeking compensation for maritime workers.

The specifics of reporting injuries can vary depending on the circumstances and location of the incident, but timely reporting is essential to establishing the validity of claims. Delayed reporting may jeopardize a worker’s ability to seek compensation.

Selecting Legal Representation

Selecting the right maritime injury attorney is a pivotal decision for injured workers. Expert legal representation can significantly influence the success of injury claims.

Maritime injury attorneys specialize in the complex legal framework of maritime law and are well-versed in the intricacies of the Jones Act, LHWCA, and other relevant statutes.

Choosing an attorney with the appropriate expertise and experience is essential to navigating the legal processes effectively.

Initiating Legal Action

The process of initiating legal action for maritime injury claims involves several steps. These steps can include:

  • Gathering Evidence: Collecting evidence to support the injury claim, such as medical records, witness statements, and photographs of the accident scene.
  • Litigation: In cases where a settlement is not reached, injured workers may need to file a lawsuit to pursue their claims through the legal system.
  • Settlement Negotiations: Many maritime injury cases are resolved through settlement negotiations, where the injured worker and their legal representation work with the opposing party to reach a mutually agreeable resolution.

Challenges and Considerations

Comparative Fault

Comparative fault is a legal concept that can impact the compensation received by injured maritime workers. This principle acknowledges that in some cases, the injured worker may bear a portion of the responsibility for the accident.

The extent of this shared responsibility can influence the final compensation awarded to the injured worker.

Statute of Limitations

Understanding the statute of limitations is essential for injured maritime workers seeking compensation. The statute of limitations sets a specific timeframe during which an injured worker must file a claim.

Failure to do so within the prescribed period may result in the loss of the right to seek compensation. It’s crucial to be aware that the statute of limitations can vary depending on the specific maritime law that applies to the case.


The maritime industry is both the lifeblood of global trade and a complex sector with inherent risks. Protecting the rights and well-being of maritime workers is integral to sustaining the industry’s operational integrity. By comprehending these rights, legal procedures, and safeguards, injured workers can secure their rights and maintain the safety and productivity of the maritime sector. Both workers and employers must have a deep understanding of these laws, as they underpin a safer and more secure maritime industry.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Jones Act, and how does it protect maritime workers?

The Jones Act, formally known as the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, is a federal law that offers protection to injured seamen. It allows them to seek compensation for injuries resulting from their employer’s negligence or an unseaworthy vessel.

Who is covered under the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (LHWCA)?

The LHWCA extends compensation coverage to longshore workers and harbor workers. These individuals may not qualify for protection under the Jones Act but are eligible for compensation if they suffer work-related injuries on navigable waters, such as ports and harbors.

What is the significance of maintenance and cure in maritime law?

Maintenance and cure are fundamental aspects of maritime law that provide financial support and medical treatment for injured seamen. These benefits are offered irrespective of fault or negligence and are designed to ensure the well-being of injured workers.

How does an injured maritime worker initiate a legal action for compensation?

Injured maritime workers can initiate a legal action by first gathering evidence to support their injury claim, such as medical records and witness statements. The process may involve litigation if a settlement is not reached through negotiation.

What role does comparative fault play in maritime injury cases?

Comparative fault acknowledges that in some cases, injured workers may share responsibility for the accident. The extent of this shared responsibility can influence the final compensation awarded to the injured worker.

What is the statute of limitations, and why is it crucial for injured maritime workers?

The statute of limitations is a legal time-frame during which an injured worker must file a claim for compensation. Understanding and adhering to the statute of limitations is critical, as failure to do so within the prescribed period may result in the loss of the right to seek compensation.

Maritime Injury Claims: Advocate Crystal Henry Defends Houston Workers

In the wake of maritime injuries in Houston, understanding your legal rights is vital. Crystal Henry, a dedicated personal injury attorney, stands ready to help navigate the complexities of maritime law. Contact Crystal for comprehensive legal support and to uphold your rights following a maritime accident.

Crystal Henry Personal Injury and Accident Lawyer
3730 Kirby Dr #901, Houston, TX 77098, United States

About the Author

Crystal Henry, a highly respected and compassionate personal injury lawyer based in Houston, is a force to be reckoned with in the legal field. With years of experience and a genuine passion for helping others, Crystal has become a trusted advocate for her clients. Her journey in law began with a strong desire to make a positive impact on people’s lives during their most challenging times.